Transformation of masatia tradition towards Hindu religion in Bali

  • I Nyoman Suada University of Hindu Indonesia (UNHI), Indonesia
  • I Putu Gelgel University of Hindu Indonesia (UNHI), Indonesia
Keywords: Bali, Hindu religion, Kingdom, Masatia tradition, Transformation

Abstract

The study of masatia tradition transformation towards Hindu in Bali was a study of religion and culture using qualitative research with religious and cultural approaches. The study emphasized on the more background, process, and impact of the transformation of masatia traditional in the pitra yadnya ceremony in Bali. The phenomena raised and discussed lead to the transition of tradition, the customary law of the kingdom and its impact on the society and responses from the Dutch colonial government particularly in Bali. The masatia transformation was occurred in Bali for the 1908-2014 period due to the transition of the colonial rule which in this case was Dutch colonialist. The masatia tradition has been known since 1597 to 1843 and was formally abolished in 1908. The masatia tradition was banned in Bali by the Dutch written agreement with the king of Bali. Although it has been banned, there was only a government to practice masatia in secret until the 1920s. The process of transforming the masatia tradition for each castle in Bali takes place slowly. For the Buleleng castles since 1849 might be stated that there was no more masatia, then followed in the kingdom of Jembrana, Badung, Tabanan, Bangli, Karangasem, Gianyar, and finally in Klungkung. The process of substituting masatia of the fire occurred the transition process. But, in the end, as a successor was approved by the kings in Bali substituted for masatia rambut. The masatia rambut was used as a substitute due to Hindu community in Bali especially, the hair was considered the most sacred. The hair that was located on the head and as the center was the crown. As a result of the masatia transformation involved the term of tatwa, deeds, ceremonies, and upakara (offering tools).

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Published
2018-08-17
How to Cite
Suada, I. N., & Gelgel, I. P. (2018). Transformation of masatia tradition towards Hindu religion in Bali. International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 2(2), 226-242. https://doi.org/10.29332/ijssh.v2n2.168
Section
Articles