The effect of giving betel leaf extract (piper betel l.) on the production and quality of broiler carcasses

  • Ermelia Maria F. R. Lodang Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia
  • Gusti Ayu Mayani Kristina Dewi Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia
  • I Made Nuriyasa Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia
Keywords: bacteria, betel leaf, broiler, digestibility, performances

Abstract

This study aims to learn the effect of giving betel leaf extract (Piper Betel L.) on the production and quality of broiler carcasses. The experiment design used Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with three treatments and ten replicates, with two broiler aged 2 weeks. The treatments were broiler chicken given drinking water without of betel leaf extract as control (A), broiler gave 2% extract of betel leaf water through drinking water (B), and broiler gave a 4% extract of betel leaf water through drinking water (C). The variables observed in this study were performance, digestibility of nutrients, total stool bacteria. The results showed that the granting extract of betel leaf through drinking water showed no significantly different (P>0,05) on ration consumption, drinking water consumption, body weight gain, Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR), body initial weight, final weight, percentage carcass, percentage meat, percentage fat and skin, bone weight, meat born to, digestibility of dry matter, digestibility of protein and digestibility of energy but significant difference (P< 0.05) of carcass weight, Total Plate Count (TPC), coliform, and E.Coly.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abun. (2005). The effect of fermentation of tuber pulp (Maranta Arundinacea L.) with the Cardamos of Aspergilus Niger Terhaap value of broiler Ransum. Scientific articles. Faculty of Livestock, University of Padjajaran. Bandung.

Anggarodi. (1994). General Livestock Food Science. PT. Jakarta.

Arambewela, L. S. R., Arawwawala, L. D. A. M., & Ratnasooriya, W. D. (2005). Antinociceptive Activities of Aqueous and Ethanol Extracts of Piper betle. Leaves in Rats. Pharmaceutical biology, 43(9), 766-772. https://doi.org/10.1080/13880200500406545

Bidura, I. G. N. G., Partama, I. B. G., Putri, B. R. T., & Watiniasih, N. L. (2017). Effect of water extract of two leaves (Allium sativum and Sauropus androgynus) on egg production and yolk cholesterol levels in egg laying hens. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 16(7), 482-487. http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/pjn.2017.482.487

Dahiya, J. P., Wilkie, D. C., Van Kessel, A. G., & Drew, M. D. (2006). Potential strategies for controlling necrotic enteritis in broiler chickens in post-antibiotic era. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 129(1-2), 60-88. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2005.12.003

Fadillah, I. Roni, SE, dkk. 2007. Sukses Beternak Ayam ras pedaging.

Fauziah, L. (2010). Isolation and identification of the Flavonoid compounds from the leaves of cassava (Manihotutilissiima Pohl).

Hardiyansyah. (2016). Journal. Effect of the giving of betel leaf flour (Piper Bettle L) as feed to meat broiler cholesterol. Makassar. Department of Livestock Sciences Faculty of Science and Technology UIN Alauddin Makassar, 2(3).

Haroen, U. (2003). Respon ayam broiler yang diberi tepung daun sengon (albizzia falcataria) dalam ransum terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil karkas. J. Ilmiah Ilmu-ilmu Peternakan, 6(1), 34-41.

Haroen, U. (2014). Kajian ekstrak limbah jus jeruk sebagai feed additive dan pengaruhnya terhadap performa ayam broiler. Disertasi Pascasarjana Universitas Andalas. Padang.

Mardewi, N. K., Astiti, N. M. A. G. R., Rukmini, N. K. S., Rejeki, I. G. A. D. S., Tonga, Y., & Suwitari, N. K. E. (2017). Supplementation of moringa (moringa oliefera) powder into ration in increasing the quality of broiler’s meat. International Research Journal of Engineering, IT & Scientific Research, 3(3), 31-44.

Rahayu, I. (2014). Principles of treatment. Husbandry Corner.

Reveny, J. (2011). Antimicrobial Activity of the Extract and Fraction of Red Betel Leaf (Piper betle Linn.). Jurnal Ilmu Dasar, 12(1), 6-12.

Sholikhah, A. (2006). Sirih Merah Menurunkan Glukosa Darah.

Sitepu, S. R. B., Herysupratman, Rd., & Abun. (2002). The effect of energy balance and Protein ration against the digestibility of dry materials and coarse proteins in Broiler chickens. Faculty of Livestock. University of Padjajaran.

Suriani, N. L. (2018). Bioactive substance use of leaf extract of piper caninum blume pressing for blas disease and increase production in rice. International Journal of Life Sciences, 2(2), 42-50. https://doi.org/10.29332/ijls.v2n2.156

Tillman, A., D.S. Reksohadiprojo., S. Prawirokusumo and S... (1991). Basic livestock Food Science. Gadjah Mada University Press. Yogyakarta.

Wibawa, A. A. P. P., Utami, I. A. P., & Bidura, I. G. N. G. (2016). The effect of Garlic (Allium sativum) extract on performance, abdominal fat and serum cholesterol of broiler. Journal of Biological and Chemical Research, 33(2), 804-411.

Published
2020-02-04
How to Cite
Lodang, E. M. F. R., Dewi, G. A. M. K., & Nuriyasa, I. M. (2020). The effect of giving betel leaf extract (piper betel l.) on the production and quality of broiler carcasses. International Journal of Life Sciences, 4(1), 19-25. https://doi.org/10.29332/ijls.v4n1.373
Section
Research Articles