Recurrence related factors of febrile seizure
Febrile seizure was the most common form of childhood seizures, affecting 2-5% of children aged 6 months until five years. They are considered benign and self-limiting, but some cases may recur up to 80%. Identified the recurrence related factors are important to determine prognoses and therapies. Aims of this study were to know the prevalence of febrile seizure in Sanglah hospital and it’s recurrence related factors. A crossectional study design to investigate febrile seizure cases in the pediatric department, Sanglah Hospital. Five recurrent related factors were identified and analyzed, prevalently related counted. In this study, 100 subjects were enrolled. The prevalence was 1.5% in patients age 6 months until 5 years. Twenty-six subjects (26%) with a recurrent febrile seizure. Bivariate analysis obtained a recurrence febrile seizure occurred 1.5 (CI 95% 0.77-2.95) in patients suffering from first seizures at less than 12 month; 1.75 (CI 95% 0.9-3.38) in patient with temperature below 39°C; and 2.44 (CI 95% 1.3-4.57) occurred in patient with a positive history of febrile seizure or epilepsy at 1st degree family. The significant related factor for recurrence is a positive history of febrile seizure or epilepsy at the 1st-degree relative.
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