International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>IJSSH</strong>&nbsp;is published in English and it is open to authors around the world regardless of the nationality. It is currently published three times a year, i.e. in&nbsp;<em>April</em>,&nbsp;<em>August</em>, and&nbsp;<em>December</em>.&nbsp;</p> en-US (Martha Cecilia Escobar Garcia, Ph.D.) (Vedran Vucic) Fri, 31 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Yoga as lifestyle of postmodern society in Bintaro Jaya <div style="text-align: justify;">Yoga is becoming a cultural trend that evolves into a mass culture. The most people, especially in the big cities, practice yoga. It means that yoga becomes popular even more with the role of mass media. Therefore, making yoga as a lifestyle in postmodern society. The popularity of yoga brings the changes impact for the yoga teachings. Regarding the teachings that were originally sacred into profane cultural products. There is a profane transformation of the yoga practice that demonstrates the ideological indoctrination for the purpose of capitalism in the yoga culture industry. It was intended to meet the needs and social satisfaction. It was marked the compromise to the market through commercial cultural products. Thus, yoga products were easily accepted by the public. This could be seen from the emergence of yoga genres that varied and have undergone modification and massification of interest and increase the interest of the audience. Therefore, becoming expand the market share of yoga practices whose goal was to gain profit. There were also classes of teacher training as the impact of this culture industry. It made yoga practices that were originally a purely cultural product transformed into a commodity to generate profits. Yoga teaching was no longer considered a sacred product of spirituality, however, it could also be exploited for the benefit of the market for profit.</div> Kadek Hema Malini, I Wayan Suka Yasa, I Wayan Budi Utama ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 27 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Interactive lesson study as a competence indicator of prospective English teachers <div style="text-align: justify;">The present study aims at investigating the competence level of prospective English teachers through interactive lesson study which involved supervisions of teachers, lecturers, and student teachers themselves. A Classroom Action Research in the form of an interactive lesson study model was conducted in four steps, namely planning, practicing, observing, and reflecting. Moreover, the research was administered in two cycles. Some instruments used in data collection were rubric of teaching practice, character checklist, questionnaire, and participatory observation form. The effectivity of approach could be analyzed based on the average scores of 30 student teachers yielded randomly in each cycle, which gradually increased compared to their pre-tests after interactive lesson study has been applied. In the first cycle, the competence of student teachers started to improve with the total score of 1730 and an average score of 58 for the attitude aspect, the total score of 2169 and an average score of 72 for the knowledge aspect, and the total score of 2198 and an average score of 73 on the skill aspect. The achievement of the students' score in cycle 1 was 68 with the medium category. In the second cycle, changes in student learning attitudes began to show significant improvement: total score of 2390 on attitude aspect with a mean of 80, a total score of 2416 on knowledge aspect with a mean of 81, and a total score of 2457 on skill aspect with a mean of 83. Student score gained in cycle II was 82 with the high category. In a nutshell, the ability of the students in their learning attitudes, knowledge, and writing skills were specified as the high category with cultural attitude.</div> Putu Sri Astuti, I Ketut Wardana, Dewa Ayu Puspawati, Ni Luh Sukanadi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 02 May 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Integrative model of performance improvement <div style="text-align: justify;">The study was intended to prove, develop and find the relationship between motivation, performance, job satisfaction and equity of rewards. The population in this study were 7629 teachers in Badung regency. The research respondents were 99 as random sampling. Data analysis technique was used PLS-vers3 with quantitative approach. The intrinsic motivation has a stronger influence compared to extrinsic motivation in influencing performance and job satisfaction. The performance has a positive and significant impact on job satisfaction, in accordance with the meaning of <em>Sloka</em> <em>Bhagavadgita</em> (BG) III: 19, which stated the recommended way of working was to perform work as a liability and without attachment to results. The performance mediated the effect of motivation on job satisfaction partially. The reward equity was as a moderator/strengthening the effect of performance on job satisfaction</div> Luh Komang Candra Dewi, I Gede Putu Kawiana, Luh Kadek Budi Martini ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 03 May 2018 00:00:00 +0000 The use of roi and i’a in Bima language at district of Sape, Bima <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>Roi</em> and <em>i’a </em>are part of the linguistic wealth possessed Bima community. Since this is part of the linguistic treasure it is necessary to conduct research relating to the form, function, and factors affecting the use of <em>Roi</em> and <em>i’a.</em> Based on the said problems, the researcher thinks that it is necessary to study the use of <em>Roi</em> and <em>i’a </em>by Bima community. The theory used in this research is the theory of forms, functions, and factors causing speech acts in the language. The method used to collect data is observing and noting, recording, cooperating with informants, and doing introspection. Based on the finding and discussion conducted by the researcher, the results of this study can be summed up as follows: a) <em>Roi</em> and <em>i’a </em>in Bima community in the district of Sape can be grouped into three forms, namely: (1) word; (2) phrases; (3) clause. b) <em>Roi</em> in Bima community in district of Sape serves to (1) flatter, (2) express amazement, (3) admonish, (4) mock, (5) express happiness, (6) show politeness,(7) show the intimacy, (8) advise, (9) tell, (10) ask, (11) make an analogy or to unfold, (12) affirm, (13) express pique, and (14) insult.&nbsp; Whereas, <em>i’a </em>in Bima community in district of Sape serves to: (1) express anger, (2) tell, (3) express pique, (4) express disappointment, (5) insult, (6) express a surprise, (7) quip, (8) command, (9) express unbelief. c) The factors causing the use of <em>Roi</em> and <em>i’a </em>&nbsp;in Bima community in the district of Sape are (1) psychological factors and (2) social factors including social status, education level, age, and gender.</p> - Munawir, - Syahdan, - Arifuddin ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 09 May 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Descendants of Ndori clan: Lio ethnic Ende regency <div style="text-align: justify;"> <p>This article was focused on the Ndori clan through Ndale legendary figures, Sera, Longga Naja, and Mangu Nanga, Bari Kandu, Honggo Miri, Demu Laka, Peba Ranggo, and Trio Nusa (Nusa Dhula, Nusa Bhabhu, and Nusa Polo Nggele). The research was intended to discuss include how the descendants of Ndori-ethnic clan Lio-Ende regency pay attention to the issue. The research purpose can be determined i.e., (a) to discover and describe the descendants of the Ndori clan of Lio ethnic, Ende regency. (b) to strengthen the bonds of brotherhood and friendship between individuals within groups within the Ndori clan of Lio ethnic. results showed that the Ndori clan originated from Java. The other clans from both Java and non-Javanese have joined in and occupied the Ndori land. There is also conflict in the form of hegemony and domination, both externally and internally. This conflict was triggered by the desire of legendary figures to gain wealth, eager to be a leader, and want to control part or all of Ndori land area. The positive and negative values are found in their lives. The positive values that may form of the character for the next generation are religious, humble, peaceful, unifying, and courageous values that lead to the defensive attitude of the State and the character formation of the nation. However, there are still things that need serious attention, namely the attitudes, behavior, and actions of the legendary figures (the base of the division occurrence) that must be criticized or eliminated are murderers, robbers, and rapists, therefore, unlike not to negatively affect the personality of the children learners as the next generation of the nation.</p> </div> Thomas Geba, Nong Hoban, Kanisius Rambut ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 16 May 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Influence of human capital, social capital, economic capital towards financial performance & corporate social responsibility <div style="text-align: justify;">The study was intended to determine the influence of human capital, social capital, and economic capital on LPD financial performance in Buleleng regency as well as their influence of financial performance on corporate social. The sampling technique was used purposive sampling, primary data collection (questionnaire) and secondary data (LPD financial report) 50 respondents. Data analysis method in the present research was a descriptive statistic and inferential statistic analysis. Data processing techniques were used in Smart PLS applications. Based on the research result was obtained human capital construct relationship value (1,858) &lt;t table (1,96), with a coefficient value of 0,193 means that the relationship was positive but not significant. Social capital construct relationship (2.667)&gt; t table (1.96) with a coefficient value of 0.194 means that the relationship was positive and significant. The economic capital construct relationship of (5,853)&gt; t table (1,96) with a path coefficient of -0,697 means the relation was negative and significant. The construction of financial performance relation of (3,797)&gt; t table (1,96) with a path coefficient of 0,669 means that the relationship was positive and significant. Regarding its determination coefficient of financial performance, construction was explored by the construct of human capital, social capital, the economic capital was 80%, whereas, the construct of corporate social responsibility was elaborated by the construct of financial performance was 44.80% and the rest was influenced other variables not listed in this research.</div> Ni Nyoman Juli Nuryani, Dewa Putu Rida Satrawan, Anak Agung Ngurah Oka Suryadinatha Gorda, Luh Kadek Budi Martini ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 01 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Culture of tri hita karana on ease of use perception and use of accounting information system <div style="text-align: justify;">The problem raised in the present research was the implementation of a culture of Tri Hita Karana. It was one of the philosophy that underlies all aspects of Balinese life in their interaction including on organizational life. The study was intended to examine and analyze the effect of the culture of Tri Hita Karana on the use of Accounting Information System. As well, the indirect effect of the culture of Tri Hita Karana implementation on the use of Accounting Information System moderated perceived ease of use. The research object was Small and Medium Enterprises in Badung Regency. Data collection techniques were used in the study included a questionnaire. The sampling techniques were used in stratified random sampling. Data analysis technique in this research was analyzed through moderated regression analysis. The hypothesis test results showed that 1) Culture of Tri Hita Karana has a positive effect on the use of Accounting Information System. 2) Perception of use ease can strengthen cultural of Tri Hita Karana relationships and Use of Accounting Information System.</div> I Gusti Ayu Agung Omika Dewi, I Gusti Ayu Agung Pradnya Dewi, Ketut Tanti Kustina, Gine Das Prena ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 08 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Improving teachers competency through strengthening of teachers group work based on lesson study <div style="text-align: justify;">This research was aimed at improving the elementary school teacher competency at cluster I and II in Sukasada District through the teacher group work reinforcement based on lesson study. The design of this research was an action research starting from plan, action, evaluation, and reflection. This research was done at cluster I and II in Sukasada District. The subject in this research was the elementary school teachers who was taught natural science, social science, and mathematics. While the object in this research was teacher competency in designing the lesson plan and applying the lesson plan in the classroom. In achieving the purpose of the research, the research procedures which was done divided into three steps, they were: first, lesson study plan including lesson study workshop, designing lesson plan and assessing lesson plan. Second, lesson teacher action by teacher model, teacher-assessment in applying lesson plan in the classroom, and data analysis. Third, lesson teacher reflection. Teacher competency data in designing lesson plan and applying lesson plan in the classroom was collected by using the checklist and observation method. Whereas, the data analysis used descriptive analysis by determining the mean of the teacher competency in every cycle. The result of this research showed that: 1) there was an improvement of the teacher competency in designing lesson plan in the amount of 18.1% from the first cycle was 65.7 (average category) to the second cycle was 83.8 (good category), 2) there was an improvement of the teacher competency in applying lesson plan in the classroom in the amount of 13.8% from the first cycle was 75.4 (average category) to the second cycle was 89.2 (good category), and 3) overall, there was an improvement of the teacher competency in the amount of 15.9% from the first cycle was 70.6 (average category) to the second cycle was 86.5 (good category). Thereby, the teacher workgroup reinforcement based on lesson study could improve the elementary school teacher competency at cluster I and II in Sukasada District.</div> I Gede Margunayasa ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 16 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Unpeeling the language policy and planning onion in Rwanda <div style="text-align: justify;">Language Policy and Planning is a complex endeavor that requires the intervention of different participants at different levels. In the onion metaphor which they use to represent language policy and planning, Ricento and Hornberger compare these participants and levels to onion layers. These levels together with the processes in which the policy is made permeate and interact with each other to varying degrees. They include legislation and political processes, states and supranational agencies, institutions and classroom practitioners. This desk-based research article discusses these ‘layers’ and the different roles which they play in language policy and planning in Rwanda, with a focus on the 2008 language-in-education policy. The article points to a unidirectional top-down approach, to lack of coordination in the way the layers work and interact and to a very limited role of classroom practitioners and practices in the language policy and planning process in Rwanda. These practitioners are conceptualized as mere implementers of policies decided on higher offices, which has negative effects on the effectiveness of the policies and their implementation.</div> Emmanuel Sibomana ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 30 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Interpersonal society of Satria Dalem <p style="text-align: justify;">This study examines "Interpersonal Society between offspring of <em>satria dalem</em> with the community in Tohpati Village Klungkung Bali. Interpersonal Society Skill is a skill that individuals must take in interacting with individuals in interacting with other individuals or groups of individuals. Interpersonal skills are what one uses when communicating and dealing with others face to face. Society implies that society is essential for building self-concept, for survival, self-actualization, to gain happiness, avoiding stress and dependence, among others through entertaining society, and fostering relationships. Through social society can work together with community members (families, study groups, universities, village environment, city, and the country as a whole) to achieve common goals. Problems in this research: how to implement interpersonal society between offspring <em>satria dalem</em> with society in Tohpati Village Klungkung Bali. The purpose of this research is to know and describe interpersonal society within the community in Tohpati Village Klungkung Bali. This research uses the descriptive qualitative method, by using proportional sampling technique consisting of the family head of <em>satria dalem</em> with the society in Tohpati Village Klungkung Bali. The results of this study show that the people of <em>satria dalem</em> descent and the people who live in Tohpati Village have implemented good interpersonal society implementation including: openness, mutual support, positive behavior, empathy and equality, it is proven that all citizens are united in advancing Tohpati Village Klungkung Bali, proven human development index is increasing due to mutual trust, there is togetherness, warmth, comfort feel valued in doing their respective tasks to build the forward Tohpati Village Klungkung.</p> Ida Bagus Brata, A.A. Gde Putra Pemayun ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 27 Jul 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Legal pluralism politics towards recognition of social unity in customary law and local regulation <p style="text-align: justify;">The present study at discussing the about Legal Pluralism Politics towards Recognition of the Society Unity of Customary Law and Local Regulations. The two important term was discussed <em>i.e.</em> (1) the political principles of the legal pluralism whether as the recognition direction for the social unity of the customary law; (2) the rationale for the need to recognize the social unity of the customary law with a local regulation. The customary law unity has a specificity that requires flexible regulation in the law, and enforcement to its acknowledgment with local regulations. The utilization wonder, the law can make people happy by ensuring access to their rights. The recognition of customary law unity society guarantees access to rights, in accordance with laws that mandate acknowledgment with local regulations. The legal certainty requires that the law can be formulated, unlike a clear and systematic way. It can be made thus, it is clear about the recognized identity is given for more limited scope and local government to be better recognize local uniqueness.</p> Gede Marhaendra Wija Atmaja ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 02 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Work-family conflict on turnover intention regarding work stress as intervening variable <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aims to analyze and understand the significance of work-family conflict influence on turnover intention, the significance of work-family conflict effect on work stress, the significance of work stress influence on turnover intention and the influence of work-family conflict influence on turnover intention through work stress as variable intervening on marketing employees of BUMN Bank in Mataram City. This type of research is a causal associative. This research uses purposive sampling method in determining the sample. The number of respondents is 96 people. Methods of data collection in this study are interviews, documentation, and questionnaires. Data analysis techniques used in this study is the analysis of PLS (Partial Least Square) with the help of the SmartPLS program. The results showed that work-family conflict had a positive and significant influence on turnover intention, the work-family conflict had the positive and significant effect to work stress, work stress had a positive but not significant effect on turnover intention, and work stress did not function as intervening on indirect influence work-family conflict on turnover intention.</p> Indah Suprabawati Kusumanegara, Thatok Asmony, Siti Numayanti ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 02 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Academic use of engineering students in first semester systems <p style="text-align: justify;">The use of learning strategies facilitates the student's formative process, achieving deep learning related to academic performance. The low amount of work on the learning techniques used by students in engineering training contexts was the motivation to carry out this descriptive exploratory study. The level of utilization of learning skills was investigated to 145 first-semester students, taking into account the academic history of the participants and their availability of time to study, assessing the difference in the use of the different study methods. The data on the use of the learning techniques were obtained through the strategy and motivation questionnaire, which was collected with populations of two academic sections, in the year 2017 and 2018. The corresponding statistical analyzes were carried out that allowed having the results according to the effort made, the economic and social characteristics of each student; the design and results of this research explain the levels of use of learning tactics of participating students; It also allows creating the bases to design future educational interventions in order to promote among students the use of learning skills.</p> Ruben Dario Basurto Alcivar, Gema Monserrate Flores Ormaza ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 07 Aug 2018 06:45:57 +0000 Basir in religious system of Dayak Hindu Kaharingan society <p style="text-align: justify;">Hinduism developed in Central Kalimantan. It was evidence of Hindu kingdom. It could be seen from the existing history of the oldest Hindu kingdom, namely Kutai kingdom in East Kalimantan in the 4th centuries AD. There was the Yupa-shaped stone found on the banks of the Mahakam River in East Kalimantan. The Yupa stated that the Kutai kingdom. It was a victim pillar stone that was used to bind sacrificial animals during the ceremony. It was provided evidence of the oldest Hindu in Indonesia. It used the Pallawa letter, Sanskrit (Team, 1996: 14). In accordance with the existing evidence of Hindu kingdom in East Kalimantan, it was also seen in Central Kalimantan. The emergence was Hindu Kaharingan teachings. The emergence of Hindu Kaharingan teachings was a religious system in Dayak society at that time. It was the existence influence of the oldest Hindu kingdom in East Kalimantan. It was developed Hindu Kaharingan teachings in Central Kalimantan. There was inseparable from the belief system that exists in the local Dayak society. One of the local religious elements that were very necessary to be preserved was Basir. Due to Basir was the heir of ancestral teachings from ancient times. It has been determined in Dayak Hindu Kaharingan society in Palangka Raya City. The media was to preserve local religions teachings, one of them was by holding a ritual ceremony led by Basir in the religious system of Dayak Hindu Kaharingan society, especially, in Palangka Raya City. The study was intended to examine Basir in the Religious System of Dayak Hindu Kaharingan society.</p> - Kuri, I Putu Gelgel, I Wayan Budi Utama ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 11 Aug 2018 09:10:28 +0000 Pronouns traces of grammar transformation version of government and binding <p style="text-align: justify;">A problem concerned to be examined in this study was how the description of personal pronoun was contained in the single sentence. Therefore, this study was conducted aiming at describing personal pronouns in a single sentence and identifying the role of semantic of the personal pronoun in the single sentence. The theory used to study the phenomenon was Trace theory version of Transformation Theory of Government and Binding. This study discovered findings as follows: 1) the base position of the personal pronoun was under the position of NP, VP node; however, with the transfer process, the personal pronoun was under the position of NP, Agr. It was because every visible NP should have a case from its verb; 2) the trace marked by <em>t</em> was the landing site or base position before the pronoun and other elements move; 3) this theory was sufficient to give an idea of the position of the element of aspect and modal as the category of MP in phrase structure.</p> Khairul Paridi, I Nyoman Sudika ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 14 Aug 2018 13:30:46 +0000 Multimedia use and learning styles on learning achievement in social studies <p style="text-align: justify;">The research aimed to find out the effect of the use of multimedia and the students learning styles on the students’ achievement in social studies. The data were collected through surveys conducted at SMP Negeri 13 Mataram (public junior high school) for three months. The research involved 108 participants, systematically selected from the target population of 240 students. The data were collected through learning achievement test and then statistically analyzed using ANOVA. Research reveals that the use of multimedia effectively improved students’ learning achievement in both visual and auditory learning styles. On the other hand, the use of conventional media did not show any significant effect on the students’ achievement in both visual and auditory learning styles. The research findings suggest the teachers pay more attention to the use of multimedia in their classroom and take into account the students’ learning styles.</p> Arsyad Abd Gani, Nurdin Ibrahim, - Khaerudin ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 14 Aug 2018 14:38:55 +0000 Factors affecting customer using agent bank Laku Pandai program in Bali <p style="text-align: justify;">In order to improve access to financial services, especially banking, the <em>Indonesian Financial Services Authority (OJK)</em> has issued a regulation on the&nbsp; <em>Laku Pandai </em>Program <em>(Layanan Keuangan Tanpa Kantor Dalam Rangka Keuangan Inklusif)</em> in July 2014. The program engages the private sector as a bank agent representing banks in reaching banking services for the lower community in remote areas. The main purpose of this policy is how to improve the low financial inclusiveness of Indonesian society, especially those with categories still unbanked. Bali was an area in Indonesia that require an increase in financial services. The banks have been implementing Laku Pandai program since the last few years. Using purposive sampling method of 100 respondents selected from two locations Denpasar and Tabanan, the study testing the hypothesis to answer the problems that there was a positive effect of customer benefits, consumer education, and customer trust in implementing Laku Pandai with customer trust as mediating variable. Using the statistic test tool SEM PLS, result from the data test of this study was expected to answer the hypothesis and solve the problem facing in Bali to increase use of agent bank. The result of the statistical data test proved that the research concept model has been fit. The result of the analysis indicated that the customer benefit, education, and customer trust have a positive effect, directly and indirectly, the use of agent bank and trust factor mediate significance partially. The loading factors figures and the path coefficient between the variables indicated that there was potential to increase use of agent’s bank. It was defined that the intensity of using agents which was still low can be increased.</p> I Gusti Ngurah Alit Asmara Jaya, Nyoman Djinar Setiawina ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 16 Aug 2018 05:51:10 +0000 Sustainable energy development: its postulates and principles in the community <p style="text-align: justify;">Although the conditions of the energy scenario have changed in recent years with the introduction of renewable sources, even the international environmental problem continues to be unknown as the more industrialized countries, continue to emit a large number of elements into the atmosphere that together with the processes natural hazards linked to volcanic eruptions, fires between some aspects that today are accelerating the melting of ice from the polar ice caps, other problems associated with the economy are looming; Therefore, it is necessary to evolve from an industry that only produces and stimulates the use of electricity generated based on fossil fuel consumption, towards a diverse, renewable and sustainable energy industry, supported by the use of renewable resources available territorially, which stimulates specific energy consumption and adjusted to the needs and demands of material and environmental quality, under appropriate criteria and parameters of austerity in consumption. The need for the country to undertake the transition to a new national energy base is exposed, which implies the extensive penetration of all forms of use of renewable sources, as the only way to achieve sustainability under the conditions of current technological development, as well as embark on the shortest path towards energy independence and technological sustainability, and it is necessary to reorient the national energy policy, focused on the postulates and principles of sustainable energy development, for which it is necessary to enact a legal rule that explicitly, address protection over the penetration of technologies that take advantage of renewable sources in the energy system.</p> Antonio Vazquez Perez, Maria Rodriguez Gamez, Antonio Sarmiento Sera, Raynel Diaz Santos ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 17 Aug 2018 12:29:14 +0000 Transformation of masatia tradition towards Hindu religion in Bali <p style="text-align: justify;">The study of <em>masatia</em> tradition transformation towards Hindu in Bali was a study of religion and culture using qualitative research with religious and cultural approaches. The study emphasized on the more background, process, and impact of the transformation of <em>masatia</em> traditional in the <em>pitra yadnya</em> ceremony in Bali. The phenomena raised and discussed lead to the transition of tradition, the customary law of the kingdom and its impact on the society and responses from the Dutch colonial government particularly in Bali. The <em>masatia</em> transformation was occurred in Bali for the 1908-2014 period due to the transition of the colonial rule which in this case was Dutch colonialist. The <em>masatia</em> tradition has been known since 1597 to 1843 and was formally abolished in 1908. The <em>masatia</em> tradition was banned in Bali by the Dutch written agreement with the king of Bali. Although it has been banned, there was only a government to practice <em>masatia</em> in secret until the 1920s. The process of transforming the <em>masatia</em> tradition for each castle in Bali takes place slowly. For the Buleleng castles since 1849 might be stated that there was no more <em>masatia</em>, then followed in the kingdom of Jembrana, Badung, Tabanan, Bangli, Karangasem, Gianyar, and finally in Klungkung. The process of substituting <em>masatia</em> of the fire occurred the transition process. But, in the end, as a successor was approved by the kings in Bali substituted for <em>masatia rambut</em>. The <em>masatia rambut</em> was used as a substitute due to Hindu community in Bali especially, the hair was considered the most sacred. The hair that was located on the head and as the center was the crown. As a result of the <em>masatia</em> transformation involved the term of <em>tatwa</em>, deeds, ceremonies, and <em>upakara (offering tools)</em>.</p> I Nyoman Suada, I Putu Gelgel ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 17 Aug 2018 15:15:54 +0000 Royal figures “build new kingdoms” <p style="text-align: justify;">There is an interesting aspect in the studies of the local leadership in Bali which has not been exposed, namely, the involvement of the royal figures in the direct election for the regent/mayor/governor. The role played by the palace in the selection of leadership in general and in the direct election for the regent/mayor/ government particularly is highly crucial. Before the Dutch people came in the 19th century, the political role played by the royal figures had been known to be prominent. After the expedition made by the Majapahit Kingdom in 1343, which was popularly known as the agricultural feudalistic era during which power was determined by a tight caste system, the political role played by the royal figures was prominent. The fact that one kingdom subjugated another supported social stratification in which the palace became the center of power. This present study is intended to reveal the role played by the royal figure as the symbol of traditional power and its implication on the development of democratic politics in general and the direct election for the regent/mayor/governor in particular after the era of reformation. This study was conducted using the historical descriptive qualitative method. The data were collected through library research, field survey, and in-depth interview. These techniques were used to collect opinions and views on the succession of leadership and were supported by the concept of political culture. The result of the study showed that the royal figure still played a role and appeared in the political affairs, and that some were able to “build new kingdoms” successfully, had been made to disappear for a long time by the national political change. Several royal figures were able to combine economic capital, socio-cultural capital, and symbolic capital as stated by Piere Bourdieu, the French sociologist</p> I Putu Gede Suwitha ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 18 Aug 2018 07:39:16 +0000 Dam construction analysis in Indonesia <p style="text-align: justify;">Dam construction project will bring benefits to people, especially for those who live in the dry area. Pragmatically, government policy to build a dam in a dry area was a wise decision. However, this was curious if the citizens rejected the policy. The phenomenon occurred in Indonesia. This study examined the phenomenon that has happened in Kupang, as a dry city in Indonesia. The aims of this study were to reveal Kupang city government policy related to dam construction project and to reveal factors that caused Kupang citizens rejected the policy. Method applied in this research was a descriptive qualitative method, while the basic theory of this research was public policy theory. The result showed that policy of Kupang City government was rejected because of the weakness of government social approach system itself.</p> Dessy Lay ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 23 Aug 2018 14:47:07 +0000 The implementation of participatory communication development <p style="text-align: justify;">This study focuses on the communication development model that is applied by the government in the implementation of the Bali Mandara program in Bali Province, where communication barriers are often one of the inhibiting factors of the implementation of various Bali Mandara programs. Bali Mandara is a program aimed by the provincial government of Bali for the welfare of the Balinese people. Bali Mandara is an abbreviation for safe and peaceful progress. This research is motivated by the desire of the government to realize the welfare of the community which is part of the functions and duties of the regional government, including the provincial government of Bali. The vision that was set forth in the Bali Provincial RPJMD 2008-2013 was "Realization of a Qualified Regional Development Plan towards Bali Mandara". In its implementation, this program has had a significant impact on the welfare of Balinese people. But communication barriers are one of the factors inhibiting the implementation of the various Bali Mandara programs. Communication is a process of conveying information from someone to others in the hope of a common understanding and perception. In order to have a common perception between the government and the community with regard to the objectives, vision, and mission of the Bali Mandara program, it requires communication development in the implementation of the Bali Mandara program itself. The purpose of this study is to determine the implementation of perspective communication development applied. This study was examined using qualitative research methods and used several methods of data collection such as in-depth interviews, focus group discussions (FGD), documents and observations. The findings of this study are to elaborate on the meaning of the Bali Mandara program in the perspective of communication development and to elaborate on the implementation of participatory communication development in the digital era.</p> Anak Agung Ngurah Oka Suryadinatha Gorda, Ni Putu Yunita Anggreswari ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 23 Aug 2018 17:15:07 +0000 Sustainable tourism creation as core economy facing the industrial revolution challenges <p style="text-align: justify;">This study at examining sustainable tourism as a core economy regarding the industrial revolution challenges. The technology and information advanced were very fast due to all life components to experience a shift for the values and culture of a society undergoing change by implementing modernization in all fields changes <em>i.e.,</em> economic, social culture, and dynamic lifestyles. The study was intended to know, how to maintain the sustainable tourism creation as a core economy in Kutuh village at Ubud Bali. In order to find out and describe sustainable tourism as the core economy. This study used a qualitative descriptive method, using proportional sampling technique consisting of the Villa manager and Guest house as well as the people who work in the tourism sector. The sustainable tourism creation was an effort by the government and society to create the widest possible employment opportunities for the future generations so that Bali’s Domestic Product Gross was increasing due to the intense industrial revolution. The Industrial Revolution 4.0 was the latest automation and data exchange trends in factory technology. The term included cyber-physical systems, internet for everything, cloud computing, and cognitive computing. The Core Economy was an acronym for the Center of Reform on Economics.</p> I Gusti Ngurah Putra Suryanata, A.A. Gde Putra Pemayun ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 27 Aug 2018 08:34:57 +0000