The use of roi and i’a in Bima language at district of Sape, Bima

A sociopragmatics study

  • - Munawir Mataram University, Indonesia
  • - Syahdan Mataram University, Indonesia
  • - Arifuddin Mataram University, Indonesia
Keywords: Bima community, Bima language, Sociopragmatics, Linguistic treasure, Roi and i’a

Abstract

Roi and i’a are part of the linguistic wealth possessed Bima community. Since this is part of the linguistic treasure it is necessary to conduct research relating to the form, function, and factors affecting the use of Roi and i’a. Based on the said problems, the researcher thinks that it is necessary to study the use of Roi and i’a by Bima community. The theory used in this research is the theory of forms, functions, and factors causing speech acts in the language. The method used to collect data is observing and noting, recording, cooperating with informants, and doing introspection. Based on the finding and discussion conducted by the researcher, the results of this study can be summed up as follows: a) Roi and i’a in Bima community in the district of Sape can be grouped into three forms, namely: (1) word; (2) phrases; (3) clause. b) Roi in Bima community in district of Sape serves to (1) flatter, (2) express amazement, (3) admonish, (4) mock, (5) express happiness, (6) show politeness,(7) show the intimacy, (8) advise, (9) tell, (10) ask, (11) make an analogy or to unfold, (12) affirm, (13) express pique, and (14) insult.  Whereas, i’a in Bima community in district of Sape serves to: (1) express anger, (2) tell, (3) express pique, (4) express disappointment, (5) insult, (6) express a surprise, (7) quip, (8) command, (9) express unbelief. c) The factors causing the use of Roi and i’a  in Bima community in the district of Sape are (1) psychological factors and (2) social factors including social status, education level, age, and gender.

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Published
2018-05-09
How to Cite
Munawir, -, Syahdan, -, & Arifuddin, -. (2018). The use of roi and i’a in Bima language at district of Sape, Bima. International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 2(2), 40-53. https://doi.org/10.29332/ijssh.v2n2.120
Section
Articles