International journal of health sciences <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>IJHS</strong>&nbsp;is published in English and it is open to authors around the world regardless of the nationality. It is currently published three times a year, i.e. in&nbsp;<em>April</em>,&nbsp;<em>August</em>, and&nbsp;<em>December</em>.&nbsp;</p> Universidad Tecnica de Manabi en-US International journal of health sciences 2550-6978 Obesity: problem to consider in public health <p style="text-align: justify;">Overweight is an increase in body mass; Obesity is the increase in the size or quantity of fat cells sufficient to damage the health of the individual. It is the world millennium pandemic, which affects all types of population, does not discriminate between age, race, sex, social position or religion, according to the World Health Organization is considered obese to people with a higher body mass index or equal to 30 Kg / m2. It has been shown that through good advice can be remedied with this acute physical problem and that often leads to self-esteem and mental problems. The work is supported in the investigation of the phenomenon of obesity, its causes, and consequences for human health in the parish March 12, in the city of Portoviejo in the province of Manabí. The results of a survey carried out on a sample of 97 adults residing in the parish are exposed, showing the high level of obesity that exists in the population, as well as the inadequate eating habits and the sedentary lifestyle that accompanies this problem. Health. It is evident that the fundamental causes of obesity consist of a well-localized group of inadequate food practices and the lack of physical exercise, a situation that can be combated from social work where the factors and the society of the community can be compromised, aimed at reducing obesity levels and increasing the health of the population.</p> Thalia Fuentes Leyva Yostin Raul Menendez Mendoza Britany Mirella Palma Alcivar Ariana Milene Arias Caballero ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-17 2018-09-17 2 3 1 10 10.29332/ijhs.v2n3.198 Premarital sex behaviors of teenagers: a case in Bali, Indonesia <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aims at describing premarital sex behavior as well as to analyze peers impact on premarital sexual behavior of teenagers. The study was conducted in Bali, Indonesia. This is an analytic observational research that applied cross-sectional approach. The subject was 566 teenagers who were studying at Senior High Schools in Buleleng, Bali. Data was collected using a questionnaire. We examined the validity and reliability of the data before analyzed it. We also collected data through interviews. After being analyzed by logistic regression analysis, the data shows that 47% of teenagers have&nbsp; never watched porn, 35.9% of teenagers have never conducted kissing activity (with their partner), 24.7% of teenagers have never conducted sexuality rub toward their sexual organs, 22.8% of teenagers have ever masturbated, and 13.1% of teenagers have never experienced sexual intercourse. Teenagers who have got the correct information from peers are possible to have better premarital sex behaviors, 2 times greater than those who have not got correct information (OR = 2; p = 0.003). It is also found that teenagers who have got a good emotional relationship with peers are more possible to have better premarital sex behavior life, 3 times greater, than teenagers who have got a less emotional relationship with peers (OR = 3; p = 0.000). It is concluded that, statistically, there is significant influence between peers and premarital sex behaviors of teenagers in Indonesia.</p> Made Kusuma Wijaya Made Kurnia Widiastuti Giri Ni Putu Dewi Sri Wahyuni Komang Hendra Setiawan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-29 2018-10-29 2 3 11 21 10.29332/ijhs.v2n3.211 Analgesia and pain <p style="text-align: justify;">Acupuncture is shown as a treatment to reduce some types of pain, a compendium of some reviews on analgesia and pain is presented, but mainly the acupuncture technique. The types of pain and the different forms of analgesia are described, as a fundamental element, assessing acupuncture as one of the oldest and most reliable methods to face pain. In addition, a brief review is made of other types of analgesia such as hypnosis, general anesthesia, local, digit puncture, or shiatsu, the twelve common channels (meridians). Knowing always that the success of acupuncture depends in the first place on the correct choice of the points on which to act; secondly, it depends on the medium used, which should be the most appropriate in each case (type of needle to be used); In addition, the way in which they should be applied is analyzed. The work sends a reflection related to healthy life, proposing that the traditional methods used to alleviate the different pains and achieve the integral harmony of the human body.</p> Dilka Leyva Rodriguez Thalia Fuentes Leyva Yostin Raul Menendez Mendoza Cesar Armando Mendoza ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-29 2018-10-29 2 3 22 32 10.29332/ijhs.v2n3.212 Progressive muscle relaxation using video aids reduces blood pressure of hypertension patients <p style="text-align: justify;">Progressive muscle relaxation using video is used hypertensive patients to conduct movement activities to reduce stress. Therefore, the muscles of the body are relax. Hypertension or high blood pressure is still a serious threat that affects the productivity of a person’s life in NTB. The study was intended to determine the effectiveness of progressive muscle relaxation using video aids to reduce blood pressure in hypertension patients. This research was conducted in the Work Area of Dasan Agung Public Health Center, Mataram City in May to September 2017. Quasi-experimental design of pre and post-test control group. The number of respondents was 60 people consisting of 30 controls and 30 interventions for sampling Random Sampling. Data analysis using T-test. &nbsp;The results showed there were differences of changing in blood pressure of respondents who were given progressive muscle relaxation using video aids compared to those who did not use. Conclusion Progressive muscle relaxation with video&nbsp;ads&nbsp;decreases blood pressure in hypertension patients compared to those who did not.</p> Ridawati Sulaeman - Muhasidah Dewi Purnamawati - Zulkifli Sitti Rusdianah Jafar I Putu Suiraoka ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-03 2018-11-03 2 3 33 42 10.29332/ijhs.v2n3.214 Social skills training program to prevent alcohol consumption in university students <p style="text-align: justify;">In the University of Oriente (UO) of Santiago de Cuba, recent diagnoses made by specialists of the Department of Psychology demonstrated in the last years an increase in the index of students that consume alcoholic beverages, the objective of this investigation was to develop a program of training in social skills that would contribute to the prevention of alcohol misuse, the methods used were intervention, where 16 students participated and was carried out through three stages. In the first, the initial diagnosis was made by applying the Goldstein social skills questionnaire, the questionnaire for the Identification of alcohol-related disorders and a group interview, then the program was designed and applied and the final phase was evaluated. The changes that emerged in the group after the intervention. The pattern of alcohol risk consumption was initially obtained, there was a prevalence in the low level of development of social skills and a limited knowledge about the harmful effects of their consumption. After the intervention, the majority of the students reached a high level of social skills development and the social consumption pattern prevailed in the group. Favorable results were obtained for the reduction of undue alcohol consumption, where adolescents reached a high level of skill development and managed to reduce the amount and frequency of their consumption.</p> Ailen Galano Estevez Justo R. Fabelo Roche Ana Hortensia Rodríguez Espinosa Dilka Leyva Rodríguez ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-05 2018-11-05 2 3 43 54 10.29332/ijhs.v2n3.216 The influence of supportive psychotherapy toward patient anxiety to pre-hyperbaric therapy <p style="text-align: justify;">The used of Hyperbaric therapy at Port Health Center of West Nusa Tenggara keeps increasing.There were fifteen patients with thirty-six times of visit during 2011. Meanwhile, there were twelve type of cases in which forty-two pateints came eighty-one times in 2012. However, this therapy also meets an annulment due to psychological condition such patients’ anxiety. There were three cases found in 2011 whereas five patients could not perform this therapy in 2012. The annulment of therapy caused by a fear and anxiety factors. This information was obtained from patients. Moreover, according to Port Health Center of West Nusa Tenggara in 2012 reported “physical assessment that is conducted indicated the incresing of blood pressure, pulse rate frequency, and excessive of sweat. The objective was to find out the influence of supportive psychotherapy toward patients’ anxiety against pre-hyperbaric therapy at Port Health Center. The research was done at Hyperbaric therapy chamber in July to November 2012. The research design employed pre and post test.</p> - Rusmini Awan Dramawan - Cembun ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-13 2018-11-13 2 3 55 64 10.29332/ijhs.v2n3.219 Validation of integrated health services data on coverage of weighing programs of children under five <p style="text-align: justify;">The discrepancies between the numbers of children suffering from severe malnutrition and/or wasting and children being detected was likely owing to the low socio-economic background of the children and distance needing to be traveled to access integrated health service location. These children did not undergo regular weight for age screening, thus became disengaged with integrated health services and were not sufficiently observed by health workers. This situation provided impetus to conduct a study into the validation of collected weighing coverage data from integrated health services with the reality in the field (D/S). This case study was conducted in Dusun Jumenang, Bukit village, Karangasem Regency. The study compared weighing coverage and nutritional secondary data on those children who have undergone screening at the integrated health service with the number of children identified through active case finding in the field. Five village health workers were trained in mobile measuring skills with a focus on nutritional status and were asked to actively search and find all under-five children living in the village. Nutritional status data were collected through weighing scales and the nutritional status table.</p> Kadek Tresna Adhi Ni Wayan Arya Utami Putu Ayu Swandewi Astuti I Gusti Ngurah Edi Putra ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-21 2018-11-21 2 3 65 71 10.29332/ijhs.v2n3.224 Psychological intervention for development of disease awareness in addicts: Villa Colibri therapeutic community of Santiago de Cuba <p style="text-align: justify;">In the research, a Mixed Method was used and the execution was through a sequential exploratory design. For the initial diagnosis was used, semi-structured interview, sentence completion test, disease awareness questionnaire, attitude to the disease, interpersonal relationships, and conflict management, were the dimensions of the awareness indicator of the disease. Based on the results of the diagnosis, the Psychological Intervention Program was developed, based on the cognitive-behavioral model with a humanistic approach. with respect to the attitude towards the disease, the subjects predominated in ambivalence in 70.6% and non-consciousness in 23.5%, referring to interpersonal relationships, ambivalent in 58.8% and not healthy in 29.4% and conflict management was inconsistent in 70.6%, and inadequate in 23.5%, after the development of the program, positive attitude increased 52.9% and ambivalence decreased to 41.2%, healthy interpersonal relationships grew to 47.1% and adequate conflict management was imposed in 58.8% of the sample. The lack of awareness of the disease in patients was identified, the preliminary results of the application of the program proved to be very useful to develop awareness of the disease in the subjects studied, thus achieving a better therapeutic adherence.</p> Ana Hortensia Rodriguez Espinosa Ailen Galano Estevez Justo R. Fabelo Roche Yolanda Merceron Figarola Dilka Leyva Rodriguez ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-13 2018-12-13 2 3 72 80 10.29332/ijhs.v2n3.232