International journal of social sciences and humanities <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>IJSSH</strong>&nbsp;is published in English and it is open to authors around the world regardless of the nationality. It is currently published three times a year, i.e. in&nbsp;<em>April</em>,&nbsp;<em>August</em>, and&nbsp;<em>December</em>.<br>e-ISSN: 2550-7001, p-ISSN: 2550-701X&nbsp;</p> Universidad Tecnica de Manabi en-US International journal of social sciences and humanities 2550-701X <p>Articles published in the <em>International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities&nbsp;</em>(<strong>IJSSH</strong>)&nbsp;are available under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives Licence (<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CC BY-NC-ND 4.0</a>). Authors retain copyright in their work and grant <strong>IJSSH&nbsp;</strong>right of first publication under CC BY-NC-ND 4.0. Users have the right to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of articles in this journal, and to use them for any other lawful purpose.</p> <p>Articles published in <strong>IJSSH&nbsp;</strong>can be copied, communicated and shared in their published form for non-commercial purposes provided full attribution is given to the author and the journal. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (<em>e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book</em>), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.</p> <p>This copyright notice applies to articles published in <strong>IJSSH&nbsp;</strong>volumes 4 onwards. Please read about the copyright notices for previous volumes under&nbsp;<a href="">Journal History</a>.</p> Gendered access to indirect benefits from natural gas extraction in Kilwa District, Tanzania <p style="text-align: justify;">Natural gas extraction contributes substantially to the economy of many countries around the world were natural gas resource is found. Despite its potential benefits, it is not known to what extent the benefits are equally enjoyed by both men and women in the respective host communities. The existing studies focus more on benefit-sharing at the national level and lack gender analysis. Using a cross-sectional design, a study was conducted to establish gendered access to indirect benefits from natural gas extraction. Quantitative data were collected from 373 households and qualitative data through focus group discussions, key informant interviews, and participant observation Findings revealed that about 53% of community members categorized access to indirect benefits to be of high level. The indirect benefits largely cut across investments and support in education, health, water, and employment opportunities. The study concludes that, while investment by Extractive Companies (ECs) has managed to improve health services the shortage of technical staff has remained unsolved. Likewise, while various benefits revealed to exist in education the chronic problem on girls drop<span style="text-decoration: line-through;">s</span> out of school remains to be a challenge.</p> Sarah Esil Mwakyambiki Anna Nyakaunda Sikira Fatihiya Ally Massawe ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-01-10 2020-01-10 4 1 1 12 10.29332/ijssh.v4n1.382 Principal leadership, work spirit, supervision, cultural quality with performance of Hindu vocational school teachers <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aims to obtain an overview of the relationship between the principal's leadership, work spirit, supervision, quality culture and the performance of Hindu Vocational School teachers in Badung Regency. For this purpose data were collected from 56 Hindu teachers at Badung Regency Vocational School using a questionnaire. Furthermore, the data obtained were analyzed using SEM AMOS 24.0. Based on the results of data processing, it can be seen that there are only three exogenous variables that have a significant positive relationship with endogenous variables, namely the relationship between Supervision of Work Morale, the relationship of Work Morale with Quality Culture, and the relationship between Quality Culture and Teacher Performance. Supervision can improve Teacher Performance only by enhancing morale and quality culture.</p> I Nengah Kecapi Wayan Maba Wayan Paramartha ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-02-05 2020-02-05 4 1 13 22 10.29332/ijssh.v4n1.383 Learning and printing the brain <p style="text-align: justify;">The work of reflection about learning and the important role that the brain plays, establishes a referential analysis, with the purpose of investigating and knowing everything related to the knowledge of the human being and the activities that he performs during the process of acquiring knowledge, thus emphasizing how vital it is to know this organ and how the content can be transformed, in addition, emphasis is placed on brain plasticity, which constitutes the adaptation of the changes or modifications that take place throughout the learning process. Meaningful learning is acquired through good educational practices and the application of active methodologies, where an appropriate environment is established, in which motivation plays an important role and strategies are in accordance with the content to be treated, which is not possible without the brain involved.</p> María Tamara Vera Moreira Genesis Karina Zambrano Mendoza María Elena Moya Martínez María Rodríguez Gámez ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-02-05 2020-02-05 4 1 23 32 10.29332/ijssh.v4n1.388 Fruitful or empty talks: Analyzing political talk shows before the national election of Bangladesh <p style="text-align: justify;">Talk shows especially political talk shows are very popular in Bangladesh. Just before the national election of 2018, political talk shows were undoubtedly important in shaping public opinion and establishing political discourses. This research took that time period into consideration to understand the role talk show has played in that extremely intimidating political environment. The research aims to identify the commodifying nature of Bangladeshi television talk shows and explores the political talk shows of that time to understand the way talk shows dealt with politics. For this, the research utilizes a qualitative method employing a textual analysis of the talk shows. The research found political talk shows less concerned about constructive discussions and more concerned about lucrative presentations and sponsor demands. Arguments are appreciated more than reaching an agreement. This research concludes finding politics extremely commodified through political talk shows and recommended seeking solutions rather than just addressing problems.</p> Maliha Tabassum Saiyeed Shahjada Al Kareem ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-02-06 2020-02-06 4 1 33 42 10.29332/ijssh.v4n1.384 Dynamics of inter-cultural communication at multicultural societies in transmigrant territory <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aims to examine the dynamics of intercultural communication in multicultural societies in transmigrant territory, namely East Tomoni Sub-district, East Luwu Regency, South Sulawesi Province. The design of this study was descriptive qualitative. Based on the results of the study, it was found that intercultural communication experienced a tendency to cause changes in social relations which led to conflict and violence. Two relatively large ethnic communities in the location, namely communities of Toraja ethnic and Bali ethnic as migrants through the transmigration program at the beginning of the meeting showed relatively good communication, despite having different cultural backgrounds. The influx of external influences leads to social changes that pose a change in inter-cultural communication systems and social relations between ethnic communities that trigger conflicts and communal violence. In order to reconcile interethnic cracks, reconciliation was carried out through the revitalization of intercultural communication by involving strategies for the reconstruction of interethnic social relations, the construction of economic relations, the optimization of inter-village cooperation relations, building multicultural awareness, and construction of interpersonal communication as a medium for cross-ethnic cultural studies.</p> I Wayan Astraguna Ni Putu Listiawati I Nyoman Wijana ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-02-18 2020-02-18 4 1 43 58 10.29332/ijssh.v4n1.395 Effect of syair biola katipu education on family concerning dengue hemorrhagic fever prevention knowledge <p style="text-align: justify;">This study is to determine the effect of Katipu violin poetry education on family knowledge about preventing dengue in Raba Dompu, Bima City. Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is an infectious disease caused by the dengue virus and spread by mosquitoes, especially the Aedes aegypti mosquito species. Katipu Violin is a fusion of Violin, Katipu (Ketipung), Gambo (Gambus) music, Bass Guitar, Daf and Rawa Mbojo. The method used was<strong> a </strong>Quasi-experimental research design with pre-test and post-test with control group design. The number of Samples 66 Respondents. Data collection tool in the form of a questionnaire to determine respondents' knowledge about the prevention of dengue hemorrhagic fever. The results were P-value of 0.001 was obtained with a value of ? &lt;0.005 indicating there was a significant difference between before and after the educational treatment of Katipu violin poetry. The Conclusion is an influence of Ketipu Violin Poetry Education on Family Knowledge about Prevention of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever in Raba Dompu Village, Bima City.</p> Indra Rahmad Akhmad Fathoni Ahmad Ahmad Mas'adah Mas'adah ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-02-22 2020-02-22 4 1 59 67 10.29332/ijssh.v4n1.396 Process evaluation: continuous improvement strategy for teachers <p style="text-align: justify;">In this investigation the evaluation of processes was identified as a strategy of continuous improvement in teachers of an educational institution in the province of Manabí. The acquisition of knowledge must be in constant renewal for a better understanding of the teaching-learning process. That is why the teacher has to be evaluated to identify their strengths and weaknesses when it comes to teaching, contributing to continuous improvement in the educational community. The study was of an exploratory type with a qualitative-quantitative approach along with the analytical-synthetic method, since through observation and the survey statistics were obtained that served to analyze and interpret the results. It was obtained that the evaluation of processes values ??the educational activities with which the teacher works in the classroom and allows the updating and improvement of educational instruction favoring the link between teacher-student, especially in the teaching and learning process.</p> Romina Adelina Quevedo Álava Luz Adriana Corrales Moreno María Isabel Santana Vergara Yadira Azucena Lucas Verónica Edith Perero Alonzo ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-05 2020-03-05 4 1 68 78 10.29332/ijssh.v4n1.399 Habitus and capital: strategy for surviving traditional pottery craftsmen Pejaten Village in Bali <p style="text-align: justify;">This research aims to analyze the reasons and their practices persist in producing traditional pottery. It was used the paradigm of thinking critically by implementing Geneology methodology as an effort to search for the relations of knowledge and power hidden behind their decisions, persist in the pottery craft tradition. This was analyzed using the generative structural theory of Pierre Bourdieu and the power-knowledge relation of Michel Foucault. The results of the study show that the survival of traditional pottery craftsmen in the Pejaten Village because they have internalized habitus that has been passed down from generation to generation and becomes a cultural capital in the form of knowledge, in making pottery objects. They can convert this cultural capital into other forms of capital. Their survival practices are also influenced by traditional figures (senior craftsmen) through the discourse making traditional pottery should not be abandoned as an effort to preserve ancestral cultural heritage. The practice of survival of the crafters not only preserves traditional culture but there is hidden knowledge behind the practice.</p> Ida Ayu Gede Artayani I Wayan Ardika I Nyoman Suarka I Wayan Suwena ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-06 2020-03-06 4 1 79 87 10.29332/ijssh.v4n1.398 Contribution of culture industry and social change efforts to increase employment opportunities <p style="text-align: justify;">This study examines the contribution of the cultural industry and social change to increase work opportunity competition in the Kutuh Village of Ubud Bali. The advancement of technology and information is very fast causing all components of life to change both the values ??and culture of society with the rapid modernization in all fields causing changes in the economic, social and cultural, very dynamic lifestyle. The problem in this study: How is the contribution of the cultural industry and social change to increase employment opportunities competition in the Kutuh Village of Ubud Bali. This study uses a descriptive qualitative method, using proportional sampling techniques consisting of the community of artisans and painters in the Village of Kutuh Petulu, Ubud, Bali. The development of the cultural industry in the community of Kutuh Village can create jobs for future generations so that the Groos Domestic Product of Bali is increasing given the enormity of globalization. Globalization has the Dimension of Ideology and Technology. The ideology dimension, namely capitalism and free markets, while the technological dimension is information technology that has united the world.</p> Ni Luh Putu Tejawati ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-23 2020-03-23 4 1 88 98 10.29332/ijssh.v4n1.406 Kondoli village and its role in world war II <p style="text-align: justify;">The village of Kondoli&nbsp; the Telavi municipality is mentioned in the following written sources: Vakhushti Bagrationi's "Description of the Kingdom of Georgia" (4: 542,6,8; 547.2), John Bagrationi's "Description of Kartli-Kakheti" (Bagrationi 1986: 68), XVII-XVIII JSC Historical Documents (Chronicles 1897: 492; Doc. Soci. Hist. 1940: 331; 1953: 274; Georgian Law No. 1965: 409; 1972: 216, 653; 1974: 648; 1981: 59, 742, 1985: 487, 661, 662), by Johann Guildenstadt “A Journey to Georgia (Giuldenstedt 1964: 41-43, 263). Vakhushti Bagrationi tells us about the village Kondoli: "Bodbe ... the bishop sits, the shepherd of the sword before the Kondoli ... and there are his saddles on the sword before the Kondole and Manava" (Acts 4: 542,6-8). Kondoli in XVII-XVIII centuries belonged to the Alaverdi Temple (Georgian Law No. 1972: 312). Condolences were owned by Andronikashvilis (Doc. Soci. Hist. 1940: 331; 1953: 274). World War II was a large-scale war on its scale. All the republics of the Soviet Union, including Georgia, found themselves in a state of war. This war, perpetrated by the Germans, was perceived by the peoples of the Soviet Union as a "Great Patriotic War" as each of them faced destruction.</p> Madona Kebadze Tamar Lekaidze ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-30 2020-03-30 4 1 99 105 10.29332/ijssh.v4n1.413 Procurement of goods and services based on local wisdom: an implementation study <p style="text-align: justify;">Landih Village is located in Bangli Subdistrict, Bangli Regency whose construction cannot be separated from Hinduism existence with its spiritual values. It was to grow and develop into the local wisdom values carried out in the wisdom area in <em>desa pakraman</em>. The procurement of goods/services in the village is a development activity in the context of realizing budget planning into an output themselves. Their implementation is related to local wisdom values. The procurement generally is carried out for reasons and implications that affect juridical, technical, economic, cultural, and religious aspects. It is also implemented as a development implementation form through Landih Village budget to produce goods/services output. They have been determined in the procurement plan itself beforehand. There are several factual findings the study results, namely the uniqueness of community participation with a representative system, the reduced burden of society on their social obligations. Although the procurement is not encouraging the development of potential local resources. It has not been able to realize an increase in community capacity in the business sector and encourage earning new business actors in the village. The procurement activity has been able to encourage an increase in the socio-cultural activities of indigenous communities.</p> Dewa Ngakan Ketut Widnyana Maya I Ketut Suda I Wayan Subrata ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-02 2020-04-02 4 1 106 116 10.29332/ijssh.v4n1.414