International journal of social sciences and humanities <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>IJSSH</strong>&nbsp;is published in English and it is open to authors around the world regardless of the nationality. It is currently published three times a year, i.e. in&nbsp;<em>April</em>,&nbsp;<em>August</em>, and&nbsp;<em>December</em>.&nbsp;</p> Universidad Tecnica de Manabi en-US International journal of social sciences and humanities 2550-701X <p>Articles published in the <em>International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities&nbsp;</em>(<strong>IJSSH</strong>)&nbsp;are available under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives Licence (<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CC BY-NC-ND 4.0</a>). Authors retain copyright in their work and grant <strong>IJSSH&nbsp;</strong>right of first publication under CC BY-NC-ND 4.0. Users have the right to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of articles in this journal, and to use them for any other lawful purpose.</p> <p>Articles published in <strong>IJSSH&nbsp;</strong>can be copied, communicated and shared in their published form for non-commercial purposes provided full attribution is given to the author and the journal. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (<em>e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book</em>), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.</p> <p>This copyright notice applies to articles published in <strong>IJSSH&nbsp;</strong>volumes 4 onwards. Please read about the copyright notices for previous volumes under&nbsp;<a href="">Journal History</a>.</p> Gendered access to indirect benefits from natural gas extraction in Kilwa District, Tanzania <p style="text-align: justify;">Natural gas extraction contributes substantially to the economy of many countries around the world were natural gas resource is found. Despite its potential benefits, it is not known to what extent the benefits are equally enjoyed by both men and women in the respective host communities. The existing studies focus more on benefit-sharing at the national level and lack gender analysis. Using a cross-sectional design, a study was conducted to establish gendered access to indirect benefits from natural gas extraction. Quantitative data were collected from 373 households and qualitative data through focus group discussions, key informant interviews, and participant observation Findings revealed that about 53% of community members categorized access to indirect benefits to be of high level. The indirect benefits largely cut across investments and support in education, health, water, and employment opportunities. The study concludes that, while investment by Extractive Companies (ECs) has managed to improve health services the shortage of technical staff has remained unsolved. Likewise, while various benefits revealed to exist in education the chronic problem on girls drop<span style="text-decoration: line-through;">s</span> out of school remains to be a challenge.</p> Sarah Esil Mwakyambiki Anna Nyakaunda Sikira Fatihiya Ally Massawe ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-01-10 2020-01-10 4 1 1 12 10.29332/ijssh.v4n1.382 Principal leadership, work spirit, supervision, cultural quality with performance of Hindu vocational school teachers <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aims to obtain an overview of the relationship between the principal's leadership, work spirit, supervision, quality culture and the performance of Hindu Vocational School teachers in Badung Regency. For this purpose data were collected from 56 Hindu teachers at Badung Regency Vocational School using a questionnaire. Furthermore, the data obtained were analyzed using SEM AMOS 24.0. Based on the results of data processing, it can be seen that there are only three exogenous variables that have a significant positive relationship with endogenous variables, namely the relationship between Supervision of Work Morale, the relationship of Work Morale with Quality Culture, and the relationship between Quality Culture and Teacher Performance. Supervision can improve Teacher Performance only by enhancing morale and quality culture.</p> I Nengah Kecapi Wayan Maba Wayan Paramartha ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-02-05 2020-02-05 4 1 13 22 10.29332/ijssh.v4n1.383 Learning and printing the brain <p style="text-align: justify;">The work of reflection about learning and the important role that the brain plays, establishes a referential analysis, with the purpose of investigating and knowing everything related to the knowledge of the human being and the activities that he performs during the process of acquiring knowledge, thus emphasizing how vital it is to know this organ and how the content can be transformed, in addition, emphasis is placed on brain plasticity, which constitutes the adaptation of the changes or modifications that take place throughout the learning process. Meaningful learning is acquired through good educational practices and the application of active methodologies, where an appropriate environment is established, in which motivation plays an important role and strategies are in accordance with the content to be treated, which is not possible without the brain involved.</p> María Tamara Vera Moreira Genesis Karina Zambrano Mendoza María Elena Moya Martínez María Rodríguez Gámez ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-02-05 2020-02-05 4 1 23 32 10.29332/ijssh.v4n1.388 Fruitful or empty talks: Analyzing political talk shows before the national election of Bangladesh <p style="text-align: justify;">Talk shows especially political talk shows are very popular in Bangladesh. Just before the national election of 2018, political talk shows were undoubtedly important in shaping public opinion and establishing political discourses. This research took that time period into consideration to understand the role talk show has played in that extremely intimidating political environment. The research aims to identify the commodifying nature of Bangladeshi television talk shows and explores the political talk shows of that time to understand the way talk shows dealt with politics. For this, the research utilizes a qualitative method employing a textual analysis of the talk shows. The research found political talk shows less concerned about constructive discussions and more concerned about lucrative presentations and sponsor demands. Arguments are appreciated more than reaching an agreement. This research concludes finding politics extremely commodified through political talk shows and recommended seeking solutions rather than just addressing problems.</p> Maliha Tabassum Saiyeed Shahjada Al Kareem ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-02-06 2020-02-06 4 1 33 42 10.29332/ijssh.v4n1.384 Dynamics of inter-cultural communication at multicultural societies in transmigrant territory <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aims to examine the dynamics of intercultural communication in multicultural societies in transmigrant territory, namely East Tomoni Sub-district, East Luwu Regency, South Sulawesi Province. The design of this study was descriptive qualitative. Based on the results of the study, it was found that intercultural communication experienced a tendency to cause changes in social relations which led to conflict and violence. Two relatively large ethnic communities in the location, namely communities of Toraja ethnic and Bali ethnic as migrants through the transmigration program at the beginning of the meeting showed relatively good communication, despite having different cultural backgrounds. The influx of external influences leads to social changes that pose a change in inter-cultural communication systems and social relations between ethnic communities that trigger conflicts and communal violence. In order to reconcile interethnic cracks, reconciliation was carried out through the revitalization of intercultural communication by involving strategies for the reconstruction of interethnic social relations, the construction of economic relations, the optimization of inter-village cooperation relations, building multicultural awareness, and construction of interpersonal communication as a medium for cross-ethnic cultural studies.</p> I Wayan Astraguna Ni Putu Listiawati I Nyoman Wijana ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-02-18 2020-02-18 4 1 43 58 10.29332/ijssh.v4n1.395 Effect of syair biola katipu education on family concerning dengue hemorrhagic fever prevention knowledge <p style="text-align: justify;">This study is to determine the effect of Katipu violin poetry education on family knowledge about preventing dengue in Raba Dompu, Bima City. Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is an infectious disease caused by the dengue virus and spread by mosquitoes, especially the Aedes aegypti mosquito species. Katipu Violin is a fusion of Violin, Katipu (Ketipung), Gambo (Gambus) music, Bass Guitar, Daf and Rawa Mbojo. The method used was<strong> a </strong>Quasi-experimental research design with pre-test and post-test with control group design. The number of Samples 66 Respondents. Data collection tool in the form of a questionnaire to determine respondents' knowledge about the prevention of dengue hemorrhagic fever. The results were P-value of 0.001 was obtained with a value of ? &lt;0.005 indicating there was a significant difference between before and after the educational treatment of Katipu violin poetry. The Conclusion is an influence of Ketipu Violin Poetry Education on Family Knowledge about Prevention of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever in Raba Dompu Village, Bima City.</p> Indra Rahmad Akhmad Fathoni Ahmad Ahmad Mas'adah Mas'adah ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-02-22 2020-02-22 4 1 59 67 10.29332/ijssh.v4n1.396